#34: The Bond

#34: The Bond

In this training, EXPOSED: “The Dirty Little Secrets Of Synthetic Oxytocin Like Pitocin and How It Is Destroying Our Children And Why It’s Pissing The Nations Leading Researcher Off!”

We investigate how a leading researcher for a major biomolecule, Oxytocin, turns Big Business with messy results.

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I discuss:

  • How oxytocin and vasopressin make the Bond
  • How movement + bonding = emotional wellbeing
  • How to be proactive in the American pro-drug culture when you really want a natural approach

I am really excited to start you on this journey and I hope to add a lot of value to your life as a whole.

Show Transcript:

Nutrition is remarkable in its ability to have people with completely opposite views saying they have science to support completely opposite views.

Frustrating isn’t it? What are we suppose to believe?

Welcome to Dynamism Biohack, my name is Dr. Matt Hammett Wellness & Nutrition Expert, Lifestyle Trainer and Movement Enthusiast. In each week I’m going share with you how to make the right nutritious choices despite conflicting expert opinions where I help you to discover how to unlock your inner aborigine or your inner greatness. Thank you for spending this time with me today, so let’s get into the training.

SUE CARTER IS A RESEARCHER WHO DEVOTED over 40 years of research into the effects of one single molecule which she believes is at the heart and soul of human behavior (and that of other species).

This chemical, according to her research, is the bonding agent that not only indigenous children receive for their first four or five years of life; their mothers and fathers possess it, as well. The agent is oxytocin. Oxytocin and its close relative, vasopressin, are the biomolecules that perform a variety of vital functions over a long period of time, predating humans and even mammals.

Oxytocin can be called the hormone of love. One function of oxytocin is to stimulate cells in the heart muscle to release a chemical messenger called “atrial natriuretic peptide.” In other words, oxytocin makes the heart capable of love.

Oxytocin molecules are molecules of love; they are ultimately the neurotransmitters of those warm feelings that make us feel relaxed, kind and helpful toward others. Now, oxytocin is not the molecular equivalent of love. It has a complex neurochemical system which allows the body to adapt to emotional situations. The neural networks in the brain allow social interactions between the delicate structures within the brain and the autonomic nervous system in a changing and dynamic environment during the lifespan of an individual.

Another biomolecule associated with the bond is vasopressin which has shared functions, but not the same actions as oxytocin. To try to explain the vast difference would be time-consuming because they have many components of a part of integrated neural networks with many intersectional points throughout biology.

Evolutionary biologists believe that vasopressin is an ancient chemical, which existed when all life was contained primarily in the water or oceans. This beginning makes its fundamental properties necessary to regulate the flow of water from inside to out of the organisms. The regulation effect of vasopressin’s most important function began a millenia ago, and is still present today, even among the terrestrials, including humans.

In the late 1970s, Carter became known for her research in characterizing the role of oxytocin and vasopressin in the neurobiology of monogamy and love. She first began her work, not with humans, but prairie voles, a mouse-like species from the grasslands in North American ecosystems. Prairie voles were interesting to biologists; especially evolutionary biologists because they seemed to be going through a reproductive crash and burn cycle. They had population explosions followed by population crashes, and researchers wanted to find out why.

An exciting discovery amongst this particular species was that they were social. This particular interest in social behavior came in observation amongst their little vole society. Researchers noticed something different and an uncommon practice among mammals. They paired each other up and had a one-lifetime partner, a bond between a single male and a single female.

Researchers theorized how this relationship occurred, both from an evolutionary biologist’s perspective and a genetic one. For Carter, she knew it was social interactions that are driving aspects of behavior, even for the prairie voles.

It was not until the 1980s, with the advent of new techniques and medical tools for analyzing DNA that the depth of this story finally emerged. Before these discoveries, most researchers blamed genetics for this trait of the voles, and even labeled it the “selfish gene,” meaning that evolution selects for genes that maintain themselves and so selects for individuals that ensure the perpetuation of their genes over those of others.

However, DNA analysis painted a very different picture. Go Figure!

They discovered that the outward appearance of monogamous of prairie voles might be the evidence of the genes of vole pups, demonstrated when different male partners were introduced, and about half of the pups were not of their genetic makeup. Moreover, this discovery proved true across the animal kingdom, especially among birds, for which monogamy is far more widespread.

Let me clarify this finding; it is suggesting that the mates prefer a marriage of convenience, but they are not sexually monogamous. What this evidence means is that we are not describing sexual behavior; we are witnessing an adaptation based on reproduction. In other words, it represents a social adaptation that is indeed useful in ensuring the next generation. The male vole chooses to stay with the female for life. Even though half of the litter does not biologically belong to him, he decides to remain as if all the pups biologically belong to him; it seems to make stable social arrangements for the community of the prairie voles and most of the animal kingdom.

Monogamy is not a physical attribute, but a behavior trait. The evidence was saying that this behavior was innate and not learned. Of course, no one knows for certain, because scientists are just unsure.

Carter simply noticed the vole society started to resemble that of humans and does not understand where that attribution originated. She believes that the voles have a social system resembling humans, often noting in her research about long-lasting bonds, two parents taking care of young, incest avoidance, and extended families: just like a human society.

Monogamy is an interesting trend that is common among all social animals, even bugs. Most bees go through their life without mating, which is right for the prairie voles. Carter calls this stage of life a “prepubertal” stage, although biologists have discovered that with the right mate, that intimate spark could immediately change things.

Carter and other biologists have found that each half of the young couple finds the other by chance while they are still in that prepubertal state, but the encounter itself triggers a response in each that looks very much like going through puberty. The male especially is transformed in a matter of hours from a clueless state, to a focused partnership that lasts for life.

Carter’s research discovered that the biomolecule responsible for this transformation was oxytocin in the female and vasopressin in the male, or, the “binding chemicals.”

So what are these THE BINDING CHEMICALS
Today there are hundreds of laboratories worldwide advancing the work of Carter, focused on this one single chemical. One of the early moments of this research with the binding chemicals involved giving oxytocin to species such as rats.

Males of this species do not stick around after the kids are born, helping out mom. In other words, these males are inclined to be just what they are… rats. However, the oxytocin-dosed rats adopted monogamous habits, including taking care of their young.
This experiment was also done on their nearest relative, the prairie voles, and found that the oxytocin dose enhanced their brains to feel the effects of the oxytocin with the same behavior shift as the rats.

To date, oxytocin research has discovered that these biomolecules have a role in birth, lactation, and even sexual attraction. It also showed a role in bonding between mothers and young rats and sheep.

In the book The Moral Molecule, the author looks at this chemical and discusses its implication for autism research. Keep in mind; autism is characterized by a lack of social ability that seems at the center of oxytocin. Oxytocin enhances capacity to recognize faces and other social skills like understanding emotions.
A 2013 issue of Science magazine jumped on the oxytocin bandwagon with this article:

“Few substances produced by the human body have inspired as much hoopla as oxytocin. Recent newspapers articles have credited this hormone with promoting the kind of teamwork that wins World Cup soccer championships and suggested that supplements of the peptide could have prevented the dalliances and subsequent downfall of a, particularly high-ranking U.S. intelligence official. Although the breathless media coverage often goes too far, it reflects a genuine and infectious excitement among many scientists about the hormone’s role in social behavior”.

Well, I hope you are smarter than to go down this road of frenzy Big Pharma because we have gone down this road toward the allure of the magic bullet before with their rat studies of single pathways solutions. Even Carter feels that making a drug out of oxytocin is “arrogant and stupid.”

Dr. John Ratey, M.D., author of Go Wild, tells us that vasopressin, the other biomolecule, is what gives us the ability to persist during hunting and, as David Carrier explains, is why humans were born to run. In fact, modern Bushmen still do persistence hunting in the desert; they often do it without drinking water due to vasopressin. Even today, we can observe groups of men who hunt and women who go on daylong gathering trips; they take nothing more than an ostrich eggshell full of water to last the whole day, under the desert sun.

The bushmen would run full days during a hunt in scorching heat, on an amount of water that some people advise modern runners to drink every half hour.
The data is demonstrating to us that the advice to drink lots of water during a run may be wrong. South African researcher Tim Noakes showed that runners who were the most dehydrated after marathon-length races tended to win. Of course, I would not recommend not drinking water during a race because of Noakes’ research but use common sense.

Interestingly, it demonstrated that no one in his studies suffered medical problems from dehydration, while those who drank the recommended amount of water or sports drinks often suffered severe consequences from too much water; some even died.

In the desert, the Bushmen were able to conserve water in their body, because during extreme levels of heat, a cascade of biomolecules (especially oxytocin and vasopressin) is triggered; this causes the runner’s body to conserve water.

Perhaps Noakes’ research suggests that the deaths in modern-day marathons are the result of our thinking that we need to stay hydrated during the race. They did not realize that you could not override the body’s evolutionary design.

I hope you figured out the bottom line by now. Instead of trying to use rat science, and a theory conceived by single-pathways solutions for a synthetic oxytocin or vasopressin designed in a nasal spray by Big Pharma and prescribed by your medical doctor, you have an innate option to bypass the dangerous side effects caused after they attempt to extrapolate data from a rat and suggest a synthetic dose out of a magician’s rabbit hat. You can simply exercise. Do you see that?

Best of all, going for a run does not cost a thing. Not a thing. Mother Nature is at her best, and it is free.

MOVEMENT+BONDING = EMOTIONAL WELLBEING

There are many benefits of exercise, but for our story, we are discussing movement, social bonding, and emotional well-being.
By the way, when we engage in this type of exercise, we engage in just the right balance of oxytocin and vasopressin (along with an entire host of biomolecules that modern medicine does not even know the first thing about).

Carter and other researchers in voles discovered that the monogamy effects were triggered not just by oxytocin, but by the right balance of oxytocin and vasopressin. That balance is species dependent, like most of the biochemistry of species!

In other words, for your Big Pharma lovers, there is no straightforward, dose-dependent response to oxytocin. There is no rule that says more oxytocin yields better behavior or sexual attraction (or whatever ecstasy you wish to achieve).

Oxytocin and vasopressin are molecules that carry a signal of many functions; there are receptors in the brain unique to each molecule.
The number and efficacy of these receptors have much to do with how the brain reads and accomplishes the effects necessary to get these neuropeptides working to regulate the mind.

Meadow male voles, which innately do not behave in a monogamous state like their cousins the prairie voles, were synthetically engineered to behave in monogamous fashion in a laboratory for research. However, they were not able to do this simply by increasing the levels of oxytocin.

The scientists genetically engineered the receptors in the brain, which amplified the levels of oxytocin.

Oxytocin is a universal chemical invertebrate life, but differences among species behaviors are due in part to variations in receptors, not levels of oxytocin. This line of research has led scientists to theorize that this is why the trait of monogamy is not a neat, linear progression through evolutionary family trees, but rather, sprouts up from time to time. Genes that build these receptors switch on and off like light switches.

Let me tell you; this pathway is just one example of millions of others I could find. Like I said, health is a continuum, and it is Dynamic! What looks great on paper in research is NEVER the reality, for the simple fact that everything we are works in harmony together and that Dynamic interplay is as numerous as the stars in the sky!

Carter, who is considered the world’s expert on just these two biomolecules, has spent more than 40 years and even inspired hundreds of laboratories filled with thousands of Ph.D.s who are studying just these two biomolecules because of the fortune Big Pharma may achieve from this drug. Can you understand why it is so much smarter to invest in research that mimics Mother Nature and adopts a lifestyle from human beings not suffering from major chronic illness? Do see why the answer lies in prevention? It is a strategy we can all follow, not because we extrapolated data from prairie voles and other rats, but because healthy humans have been doing it for thousands of years.

Find out what they are doing, and copy that way of life. I think at this point in this training, most get that, but I am still surprised at those that just do not get it!

We have people so caught up in the magic bullet pill theory, even educators and doctors, yet to date, none of these magic bullets can cure a thing; except for antibiotics. And those have been overused causing superbugs that no longer respond to antibiotics.

In any case, back to our story. Yes, exercise or sexual attraction to another triggers spikes in oxytocin, and genes do play a role. In part, genes control the number of receptors. That idea is why Carter is maddened by the current simplistic line of research, which says all we need to do is spray a bit of synthetic oxytocin up your nose to provoke a lifetime of wellness.

Her causation is based on valid research, and again this line of Big Pharma thinking or spinning what scientists are doing to what Big Pharma may pressure someone into is a huge controversy and happens in science every day!

Lighten up, move better and live fuller.

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#34: The Bond by

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